In the past few years, the way children are taught to read in school has changed tremendously. This has been a change for the better, with improved levels of literacy across the board. Phonics runs alongside Shared Reading and Guided Reading, so that children can truly learn all the different reading skills. It is, however, about more than simply learning to read. It is about teaching them how to love to read.
So how does it work? Essentially, each word is made up of phonemes – units of sounds. Kids learn to listen properly and identify phonemes in each words. This, in turn, teaches them to read and spell. There are three main things to learn. Firstly, there are the GPCs. This means grapheme phoneme correspondence. In other words, they are taught all the phonemes that can be found in the English language and they are shown how to write them. The sounds are taught in order, with the first four being s, a, t and p. Next, they learn about blending. Here, they say the sound within a word and merge these into the word itself. This is absolutely vital in learning how to read. Then, there is segmenting. This is actually the opposite of blending, because they start with the word and break it up (segment it) into sounds, rather than starting with the sounds and blending it into a word. This is a skill that is very important in learning how to spell. Put all of these together and phonics will teach both how to read and write. Explaining
An Excellent Program You can Use To Teach Your Child Phonics: